Amyloid-beta protein – the primary constituent of the plaques found in the brains of Alzheimer’s disease patients – may be part of the body’s first-line system to defend against infection.In their report in the open-access journal PLoS One, a team led by Harvard Medical School (HMS) researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) describe their evidence that amyloid-beta protein (A-beta) is an antimicrobial peptide. These small proteins are part of the innate immune system, which provides broad defense against a wide range of pathogens.“For years we thought that A-beta was just metabolic garbage produced as a byproduct of other processes within the brain, but these data suggest it is a normal component of the brain’s innate immune system.” says HMS professor Rudolph Tanzi, PhD, director of the Genetics and Aging Unit in the MassGeneral Institute for Neurodegenerative Disease (MGH-MIND), co-senior author of the PLoS One report. “It looks like factors that trigger hyperactivity of the innate immune system – not only infection but also traumatic brain injury and stroke, which are already known to increase the risk for Alzheimer’s – could cause excessive deposition of A-beta.”Shared by all types of plants and animals, the innate immune system is the first line of defense against invading pathogens. The innate system can rapidly mobilize white blood cells, chemical factors called cytokines and antimicrobial peptides to kill bacteria, viruses, fungi and even tumor cells. Antibodies and other components of adaptive immunity have limited access to the brain, but the antimicrobial peptides of the innate immune system play a key role in fighting infection within the central nervous system.A-beta is toxic to neurons, and the protein’s accumulation as plaques in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients is thought to lead to the neurodegeneration characterizing the disorder. The protein is generated when a larger parent molecule called the amyloid precursor protein is cleaved by enzymes. Several different types of A-beta can be generated by the enzyme action; the more common A-beta 40 and A-beta 42 forms are particularly prone to form into toxic plaques. Although A-beta is known to promote inflammation, the protein’s biological activity has been considered purely incidental and only harmful. But the current study suggests that A-beta’s newly discovered antimicrobial activity may play an important role in fighting infection in the brain.After Robert Moir, PhD, of MGH-MIND the Genetics and Aging Research Unit, co-senior author of the PLoS One paper, noticed several physical, chemical and biological similarities between A-beta and antimicrobial peptides – particularly a human protein called LL-37 – he, Tanzi, and colleagues decided to investigate the possible connection. Graduate student Stephanie Soscia tested synthetic versions of both A-beta 40 and A-beta 42, along with LL-37, against a panel of important pathogens and found that A-beta did inhibit the growth of eight of the 15 organisms tested. Against seven of the affected organisms – which included the yeast Candida albicans and forms of the bacteria Listeria, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus – A-beta was as strong or stronger than LL-37. For six of those, A-beta 42 was more potent than A-beta 40.To see if the same antimicrobial activity would be produced by Alzheimer’s-associated A-beta, the investigators tested the ability of brain tissue from Alzheimer’s patients and from age-matched controls to suppress the growth of Candida in culture. Reflecting the fact that amyloid plaques are primarily found in the temporal lobe of the brain, significant antimicrobial activity was observed in samples of temporal lobe tissue from Alzheimer’s patients but not from controls. Not only did the antimicrobial strength of patient samples correlate with the amount of A-beta they contained, the activity was also suppressed by antibodies against A-beta. Another experiment showed that Candida growth was not suppressed by tissue from the cerebellum, an area where A-beta levels are low, from either Alzheimer’s patients or controls.The researchers suggest that chronic activation of the innate immune system in response to either a persistent or transient infection of the central nervous system might lead to excess production and accumulation of A-beta. Known Alzheimer’s risk factors – such as stroke, head injury and exposure to certain anesthetics – could also trigger the innate immune system and increase A-beta production, leading to an excessive and dangerous inflammatory response within the brain.While the rare gene mutations that directly cause inherited Alzheimer’s are known to induce production of high levels of A-beta 42, several novel Alzheimer’s candidate genes recently identified by Tanzi and others play a role in the innate immune system. The investigators are testing the hypothesis that a host of genetic factors may influence risk for Alzheimer’s by mediating the production of A-beta in the brain’s innate immune system.“Now we need to figure out what is triggering the innate immune system, particularly as we age, and what genes control A-beta’s role in the innate response,” says Moir, who is an assistant professor of Neurology at Harvard. “If we can identify which pathogens are more likely to trigger A-beta plaque aggregation, we might develop ways to prevent or control that response, for example by immunization.”The work reported in the PLoS One paper was supported by grants from the Cure Alzheimer’s Fund. “This is the kind of high-risk, high-reward project for which it’s very difficult to get federal funding,” says Tanzi, the Joseph and Rose Kennedy Professor of Neurology at HMS. “We really appreciate their vision in funding this important work.” In addition to lead author Soscia, co-authors of the study are Kevin Washicosky, Stephanie Tucker, and Bradley Hyman, MD, PhD, MGH-MIND; James Kirby, MD, and Scott Duong, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Martin Ingelsson, Uppsala University, Sweden; and Mark Burton and Lee Goldstein, MD, Boston University Alzheimer’s Disease Center.
Feral hogs may be prime prey for hunters, but to Georgia farmers they’re the ultimate predator. They destroy farmland, eat away at a farmer’s crops and drastically reduce potential profits.Jay Porter, the University of Georgia Extension agent in Dooly County, says feral hogs cause about $1 million in agricultural loss each year. A 2011 survey conducted by UGA wildlife specialist Mike Mengak, revealed that more than $84 million was lost in the 41 counties that comprise the 41 counties in southwest Georgia.“It’s always been a problem in certain parts of the state, southwest Georgia being one of them. Pig populations grow so rapidly that it’s hard to control them,” Porter said. “It’s gradually becoming more of an issue, year in and year out.”Along with the major yield losses, feral hogs also leave aggravating messes for farmers to clean up. Porter said hogs destroy fields to the point where two or three passes are required with a tractor just to smooth the field so replanting can occur.“You’re looking at equipment costs, fuel costs and labor costs on top of your crop losses,” Porter said.Billy Sanders, a longtime Dooly County farmer, believes feral hogs are becoming increasingly problematic because of the excess rainfall the state has received over the past year. Feral hogs migrate close to water sources, such as Sandy Mount Creek in Vienna, which is just a couple of hundred yards from Sanders’ peanut field. Feral hogs destroyed 24 straight rows of Sanders’ crop last week.“In recent months, we’ve just got out of a severe drought that lasted several years, and it appears to me that being out of the drought and the water supply being more common for them everywhere, our damage is more widespread,” Sanders said.Four or five years ago, Sanders’ 60-acre peanut field was destroyed to the tune of $30,000. The devastation came after the peanuts sat in the field for three weeks because of excessive rainfall. As Sanders notes, what was initially a harvest operation quickly became a salvage operation.What’s the issue?Feral hogs are a major problem in large part because of their reproductive capacities. Charlie Killmaster, a deer and feral hog biologist with the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, says unlike deer, which breed in the fall and have their young in the spring, feral hogs breed when they’re ready and don’t stop. The result is a reproductive rate that is “just astronomical,” he said.“They can have their young as early as 6 months of age. Then the reproductive capacity is extremely high, on average, six to eight piglets per litter, up to 12,” Killmaster said. “You’ve got a relatively short gestation period of 114 days compared to deer which is 200-210 days. Theoretically, they could almost have three litters in one year.”The high populations are made worse by the animal’s unpredictability. They feed on peanut, cotton, wheat and other grain crops.Feral hogs particularly like nutgrass growing in cotton fields. Sanders has seen hogs dig a hole “half-knee deep” to get one small nut off a nutgrass plant. This makes the area unharvestable.Sanders and his family are in the process of harvesting wheat in spite of the fact that many fields are severely hog damaged. He won’t plant wheat again until the feral hog population is reduced.Feral hogs can also harm the environment. Killmaster said hogs root up nests of sea turtles, an endangered species. They also contribute to soil disturbance and interfere with tree regeneration. At times, pine trees have had to be replanted two or three times because hogs eat pine seedlings, he said.“Anywhere you have them, they’re completely destructive. They’re terribly damaging to any environment they invade,” Killmaster said. The peak times for hog damage are during planting and harvest seasons. During those times of year, it’s not uncommon for Dooly County Extension to receive a couple of calls a week about feral pigs damaging fields.Cracking down on the problemWhat can be done about a pest that reproduces rapidly and is difficult to target? One way is to crack down on the illegal transportation of hogs. Wild hogs are sometimes caught and transported to another location for hunting, which is illegal if done in an unfenced area. Transporting hogs can range from a pig in a dog box in the back of a truck to scores of swine in a 35-foot livestock trailer. “The problem is pigs breed frequently. When you move one or two hogs to a location — it only takes two hogs to make a breeding population — they will take over an area pretty quickly,” Porter said.One method he prefers for controlling feral hog damage is the use of corral traps, large enclosures that trap 20-30 pigs at one time.Porter and Killmaster were part of a brainstorming meeting held Friday, June 13. State and national officials were informed and educated about the dangers feral hogs pose to farmers and farm land throughout the state.“Our event today, in my mind, was to start a conversation, to get the powers-that-be together, see what the problem is and come together on a local, state and federal level, and find a solution that works for everybody and is cost effective,” Porter said. For more information about resolving human-wildlife conflicts, see http://extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.cfm?number=B1248.
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Obamacare advocates planned to protest outside Rep. Peter King’s Massapequa Park office Wednesday on the eve of a key vote to President Donald Trump and House Republicans’ sweeping health care overhaul.Residents of the congressman’s district, which spans four Long Island towns, said the rally was intended to convince Rep. King (R-Seaford) to oppose the legislation, billed as a repeal and replacement of former President Obama’s legacy health care law that gave coverage to millions of Americans who never had it before.A grassroots organization called New York’s 2nd District Democrats, which emerged out of Trump’s election victory, has been tracking King’s remarks on key issues. In a Facebook event post, the group said the congressman’s office had indicated that he was leaning to vote “No,” which conflicts with recent reports that the veteran Long Island Republican was considering supporting the House bill, dubbed the American Health Care Act (AHCA), slated to come up for a floor vote Thursday.Asked on Wednesday how King intends to vote, his spokesman said King is still looking at the legislation and has not come to a decision, adding that there were many moving parts—a reference to last-minute amendments mostly aimed at Medicaid coverage intended to appeal to certain GOP House members who had been waffling.A report in CNN Wednesday suggested that King was possibly swayed to vote “Yes.” The same report said King was singled out by Trump, who referred to King’s congressional district as “conservative.” Registered Democrats actually hold a slim majority over registered Republicans in King’s district. King told CNN that he simply stared at Trump when the president said, “’You’re going to be with me, right?’”In an interview with the Press last week, King said he had issues with the bill, specifically about the number of people who “are going to fall through the cracks and how big a fiscal impact it will have on New York.”“I am certainly not convinced to vote for it,” he told the Press. “It’s going to cost New York billions of dollars, mainly because of the cuts in Medicaid as we go forward.”Organizers of Wednesday’s demonstration ribbed King for his apparent “shout out” from Trump.“If Pete King is going to make decisions that affect the lives of his constituents based on how often his buddy Trump points and smiles at him, we need to remind him who he works for!” they said on Facebook.“Donald Trump’s campaign promise was to replace the Affordable Care Act with ‘something terrific,’” elaborated Liuba Grechen Shirley, founder of New York’s 2nd District Democrats, to the Press. “Denying millions of U.S. Citizens health care is not ‘terrific’ by any measure, and the last-minute tactics by the House Republicans are Washington politics at its worst.”To garner support from two upstate Republican Congressmen, an amendment was added that would eliminate county funding of Medicaid in New York State exclusively. Currently, half of Medicaid expenses is paid for by the federal government and the rest by the state and county governments, whose contribution is currently capped at 13 percent. Although 16 states split Medicaid costs with their counties, this amendment only applies here.“The New York State amendment injects partisan politics directly into the health care bill, using New York State taxpayers’ access to healthcare in a game of chicken with the State government,” Shirley added. “So much for ‘draining the swamp.’”New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo blasted the amendment as potentially “devastating” to New York and Long Island’s health care industry, because it only shifts the burden while curtailing the federal Medicaid component over time, forcing the state to come up with billions of dollars by 2020. Cuomo also noted that the new provision could cause nursing homes and hospitals on LI to shutter.New York’s 2nd District Democrats joined others in a mass demonstration outside King’s Massapequa Park office in February to protest Trump’s controversial immigration policies.Medicaid has become a big sticking point for many House Republicans. House Speaker Paul Ryan needs 216 votes to get it through the chamber so it can reach the U.S. Senate. As of Wednesday, it was still unclear whether Republicans would reach that threshold, but it hasn’t been for a lack of trying.Leadership has acquiesced to some hard-leaning conservatives by instituting various changes to the bill, including one that would allow governors to require residents to work in order to receive Medicaid coverage.As many as 2.7 million New Yorkers could lose health insurance under the Republicans’ repeal bill, according to the Congressional Budget Office. On Long Island, the number of people in danger of losing health insurance is estimated at 133,324 in Nassau and 152,631 in Suffolk.According to Cuomo’s office, three hospitals in King’s district—Good Samaritan, Southside, and St. Joseph—would lose a combined $14.6 million in funding as a result of the amendment.“I urge members of the community to call their member of Congress and demand that they vote ‘no’ on this unconscionable piece of legislation,” Cuomo said.Rep. Lee Zeldin (R-Shirley) exuberantly cheered the amendment in a statement, calling it “the single greatest act of fiscal relief ever provided to the County of Suffolk and its taxpayers.” State government, he added, “absolutely can and should” find a way to make it work. The proposition was reportedly the idea of Rep. Chris Collins, a Buffalo area Congressman, who was joined by Rep. John Faso, (R-Hudson Valley).An outraged Cuomo has argued that Albany could not make up the $2.3 billion difference.The last-minute push to placate New York’s somewhat more moderate Republicans comes as support for the long-promised “Repeal and Replace” bill is slipping nationwide.A Politico/Morning Consult Poll released Wednesday found that 41 percent of respondents support the measure, down from 46 percent last week. A separate poll found that 57 percent of those surveyed said they prefer Obamacare over the Trump alternative.Since its passage in 2010, Republicans have been bullish about keeping their promise to their base to repeal Obamacare. But now that they have control of both Congress and the White House, carrying it out has proved difficult, especially once many of their constituents started gaining coverage under the law and began to realize what they stand to lose.In a last-ditch effort to move the bill forward, Trump himself met with lawmakers on Capitol Hill Tuesday morning with the hopes of changing some minds.His message: Vote “Yes” or pay the price at the voting booth.Now, we wait.
“We’re delighted to announce Mikel Arteta is joining the club as our head coach on Sunday,” read an Arsenal statement.“Mikel, a former club captain, played for us for five seasons from 2011 to 2016 and has signed a three-and-a-half year contract.”Share on: WhatsApp London, United Kingdom | AFP | Mikel Arteta has been appointed head coach of English Premier League side Arsenal meaning a return to the club he played more than 100 games for.The 37-year-old Spaniard, who played for the Gunners from 2011-2016, signed a three-and-a-half year contract and ends a three-year stay as Pep Guardiola’s assistant at Manchester City.He replaces compatriot Unai Emery, who was sacked last month.
Facebook0Tweet0Pin0Submitted by Thurston Economic Development CouncilOn June 12, 2019, the Thurston EDC will host an event for Thurston County area businesses who are interested in securing business contracts with local government agencies.Washington State Procurement Technical Assistance Center (PTAC) will lead the June 12 Local Procurement Forum. Washington PTAC works to give businesses the opportunity to thrive in the government contracting marketplace. Washington PTAC’s mission is to increase the number of government contracts awarded to Washington firms so that those firms can grow. Washington PTAC provides no cost, confidential, one-on-one technical assistance in all aspects of selling to federal, state, and local governments.Businesses can expect to meet representatives from the City of Olympia, LOTT Clean Water Alliance, MSRC Rosters, Intercity Transit, Washington State Department of Enterprise Services, the City of Lacey, the City of Tumwater and South Puget Sound Community College.The event will include a panel discussion featuring local procurement professionals followed by opportunities to meet directly with purchasing representatives. Washington PTAC business counselors will be there to answer questions, including how to register, where to find opportunities and how to become certified.“We are delighted to offer an event that helps connect local government agencies to qualified firms from our region. It will be a great opportunity for everyone to learn from each other,” said Tiffany Scroggs, Washington PTAC Program Manager.WHO: Thurston Economic Development Council & Washington PTACWHAT: Local Procurement ForumWHEN: Wednesday, June 12, 2019, from 8:00 a.m. – 10 a.m.WHERE: Thurston EDC Center for Business & Innovation, SPSCC Lacey Campus, 4220 6th Avenue SE, Lacey, WA 98503COST: Free to attend. Please register at WashingtonPTAC.org/lpfFOR MORE INFORMATION: Contact Kate Hoy, [email protected] the Washington PTAC:Washington State Procurement Technical Assistance Center (PTAC) works to give businesses the opportunity to thrive in the government contracting marketplace. Washington PTAC’s mission is to increase the number of government contracts awarded to Washington firms so that those firms can grow. We provide no-cost, confidential, one-on-one technical assistance in all aspects of selling to federal, state, and local governments. PTAC advises businesses on bid reviews, marketing assistance, contract performance, small business designations, and more. PTAC hosts procurement training classes and seminars and helps businesses register with the correct databases in order to compete for government contracts.The Thurston Economic Development Council, which serves as a Procurement Technical Assistance Center is funded in part through a cooperative agreement from the Department of Defense (DOD) through a program that is administered by the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA). The content of any written materials or verbal communications of the PTAC does not necessarily reflect the official views or imply endorsement by DOD or DLA.
29 September 2005South African Nobel prize winners JM Coetzee and Aaron Klug have been awarded the Order of Mapungubwe by President Thabo Mbeki.“John Maxwell Coetzee is awarded the Order of Mapungubwe in gold for his exceptional contribution in the field of literature and for putting South Africa on the world stage,” said Frank Chikane, chancellor of national orders, at the awards ceremony at the Union Buildings in Tshwane on Tuesday.Lithuanian-born Klug received the Order of Mapungubwe in the gold class for his contributions to medicine. Coetzee won the Nobel prize for literature in 2002, and Klug the Nobel prize for chemistry in 1982.At the latest national orders ceremony, 24 South Africans and one foreigner were awarded the highest civilian honours the country can bestow: the Order of Mapungubwe, Order of Ikhamanga, Order of the Companions of OR Tambo and Mendi Decoration for Bravery.Also on the orders list were actor John Kani, playwright Athol Fugard, geneticist Himladevi Soodyall, poet NP van Wyk Louw, soccer star Lucas Radebe and journalist Henry “Mr Drum” Nxumalo.“For all time, these men and women will be honoured as esteemed members of these orders, subject to the precedence and authority of our national anthem, our national flag and our national coat of arms, which represent the highest repositories of our common nationhood,” Mbeki said at the ceremony.He said the recipients deserved high tribute for what they had done to enrich others’ lives and “to make it possible for our diverse nation to proclaim itself an adherent of the ancient values of ubuntu”.“The people of South Africa salute and express their humble gratitude through the national orders to the distinguished men and women who are the stars of our firmament, by admitting them to the ranks of those who belong to the esteemed national orders of the Cradle of Humanity, the high pedestals on which will stand the human beings who have made it possible for us to live and develop in a world of freedom, without the fetters of oppression,” Mbeki said.The full list of the latest recipients is as follows: Order of Mapungubwe The Order of Mapungubwe is awarded to South African citizens for excellence and exceptional achievement. JM Coetzee (gold) – for his exceptional contribution in the field of literature. Coetzee’s first book, Dusklands, was published in 1974. In the Heart of the Country (1977) won South Africa’s then principal literary award, the CNA Prize. Waiting for the Barbarians (1980) received international notice. His reputation was confirmed by The Life and Times of Michael K (1983), which won the Booker Prize. It was followed by Foe (1986), Age of Iron (1990), The Master of Petersburg (1994), and Disgrace (1999), which again won the Booker Prize. He was awarded the Nobel prize for literature in 2002. Aaron Klug (gold) – for his contributions to medicine. The Lithuanian-born British physicist and chemist moved to South Africa at the age of two. He graduated with a science degree from Wits University and studied crystallography at UCT before moving to England. He won the 1982 Nobel prize in chemistry for his development of crystallographic electron microscopy and was knighted in 1988. Frank Nabarro (silver) – for contributions to science. Nabarro is professor emeritus in the department of physics at Wits University and one of the world’s experts in dislocation theory. He is a fellow of the Royal Society of London, a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Engineering, a platinum medallist of the British Institute of Materials, a former president of the Royal Society of South Africa and a founder member of the Academy of Science of South Africa. Tebello Nyokong (bronze) – for contributions to science. Nyokong is a professor in physical inorganic chemistry at Rhodes University. She won the Vice-Chancellor’s Distinguished Senior Research Award in 2003, and the Woman of the Year Award for Science and Technology in 2004. Himladevi Soodyall (bronze) – for contributions to science. Soodyall is director of the MRC/NHLS/Wits Human Genomic Diversity and Disease Research Unit at Wits University. Her research has shown that living Khoisan populations have retained some of the ancestral DNA signatures found in modern humans, making southern Africa the most likely geographic region for the origin of our species. Order of iKhamanga The Order of iKhamanga is awarded to South African citizens who have excelled in the fields of arts, culture, literature, music, journalism and sport. NP van Wyk Louw (gold) – posthumously awarded for his contribution to literature and promotion of African languages. An academic, Louw’s prestige derived in particular from his exceptional poetic skills. The Rijksuniversiteit of Utrecht in the Netherlands, which rarely confers honorary degrees, awarded him an honorary doctorate. He won the most prestigious Afrikaans literary prize, the Hertzog Prize, five times. Although a fierce opponent of Hendrik Verwoerd’s apartheid regime, Louw viewed himself as an Afrikaans nationalist. He was one of the first thinkers to support language rights for the speakers of African languages. Archibald Campbell Jordan (gold) – posthumously awarded for his contribution to literature. A novelist, literary historian and intellectual pioneer of African studies in South Africa, Jordan’s publications include Kwezo Mpindo zeTsitsa, a book on short stories published in 1973 as Tales from Southern Africa, and a pioneering critical study entitled Towards an African Literature: the Emergence of Literary Form in Xhosa (1972). Lucas Radebe (silver) – for his achievements in sport. Radebe is a former captain of the South African soccer squad, former captain of Leeds United, and South Africa’s most capped soccer player. Henry Nxumalo (silver) – posthumously awarded for excellence in South African journalism. Nxumalo, affectionately known as “Mr Drum”, was a journalist for the legendary Drum magazine of 1950s South Africa. His work brought to life both the hardships and absurdities of life under apartheid and the hope and vibrancy of the mixed-race community of Sophiatown. Allina Ndebele (silver) – for her contribution to the arts. Her tapestries depict Bible stories and African myths and legends. Sophie Mgcina (silver) – her excellent musical contribution to, and achievement in, theatre and film. Mgcina is a veteran actress who has appeared in the films A Good Man in Africa (1994), A Dry White Season (1989), Cry Freedom (1987) and Dingaka (1965). Stephanus Lombaard (silver) – for his athletic achievements and for serving as a role model to South Africans. Lombaard is the winner of seven gold and two silver medals at the paralympic games in 1996, 2000 and 2004. John Kani (silver) – for his contribution to theatre. An acclaimed actor, director and playwright, Kani is executive trustee of the Market Theatre Foundation, founder and director of the Market Theatre Laboratory and chairman of the National Arts Council of SA. Athol Fugard (silver) – for his contribution to theatre. South Africa’s most famous playwright, Fugard’s work mainly explores the tensions of life under apartheid and includes Boesman and Lena, Sizwe Bansi is Dead and the more recent Exits and Entrances. He describes himself as an Afrikaner writing in English. Peter Edward Clarke (silver) – for his contribution to the arts and literature. Clarke is a poet, writer and visual artist. Marjorie Wallace (bronze) – posthumously awarded for her contribution to the arts. Born in Scotland, Wallace promoted, tutored and advised black and coloured artists. Mahlatini and the Mahotella Queens (bronze) – Nobesuthu Gertrude Mbadu, Hilda Tloubatla and Nontsomi Mildred Mangxola of the group Mahotella Queens were awarded for their contributions to traditional music, with their long-time collaborator Mahlatini Nkabinde receiving a posthumous award. Tebogo Mogkalagadi (bronze) – for his outstanding achievement in paralympics and serving as a role model to all South Africans. Mogkalagadi is a paralympic gold medallist. Mendi Decoration for Bravery The Mendi Decoration for Bravery is awarded to South African citizens who have performed an extraordinary act of bravery that placed their lives in great danger, or who lost their own lives including in trying to save the life of another person, or by saving property, in or outside South Africa. Solomon Mahlangu (gold) – posthumously awarded for his role in the freedom struggle. He was executed by the apartheid government in 1979. Grant Kirkland (silver) – for saving the life of a fellow surfer who was attacked by a shark in April 2004. Simon Mthombeni (bronze) – for saving the victims of a light aeroplane crash near Pretoria in 1991. Order of the Companions of OR Tambo The Order of the Companions of OR Tambo is awarded to heads of state and other foreign dignitaries for friendship shown to South Africa. It is an order of peace, cooperation and active expression of solidarity and support.Sheik Yusuf (gold) – posthumously awarded for his contribution to the struggle against colonialism. Yusuf fought Dutch colonialism in southeast Asia during the 1600s. He was exiled from Western Java to the Cape in 1694 by the Dutch East India Company for his allegiance to Javanese ruler Sultan Ageng. Yusuf’s residence at Zandfliet farm in the Cape subsequently became a place of pilgrimage for Muslim people in the area. 2005 national orders awards – I2004 national orders awards – I2004 national orders awards – II2003 national orders awards2002 national orders awardsSouth Africa’s national ordersOrders for ‘ordinary people’ SouthAfrica.info reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
Solskjaer: Man Utd not about STUPID square and backpassesby Paul Vegas9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer says it’s important the team plays in the club’s best traditions.Until now he has been careful not to criticise the work of his predecessor, but he looks to have let his guard down for the first time in an interview with Malaysian TV station Astro Supersport.Solskjaer said: “Man Utd is built around, attacking football and going forwards, not stupid square and backpasses.”The comment about square passes is thought to have been a direct reference to the style of play he discovered in his squad when he arrived just before Christmas. Solskjaer joined Teddy Sheringham on Astro Supersport after the 1-0 win over Tottenham, and was asked by his former team-mate what he needed to change.The United boss said: “The first thing you talk about is that you do need to smile when you are a Manchester United player, you do enjoy it because when it’s over, you miss it.“It’s about at attacking, it’s about pace, power, attack quickly.”I know we didn’t have the best of pace but we still attacked.“That’s what Man Utd is built around, attacking football and going forwards, not stupid square and backpasses.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
VANCOUVER, B.C. – The federal government says it will monitor underwater ship and mammal noise in British Columbia’s Salish Sea to help develop measures to support the recovery of endangered southern resident killer whales.Terry Beech, parliamentary secretary to the transportation minister, announced the measures as his government is set to face new scrutiny on the impacts of the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion on the threatened species.A court ruling found the National Energy Board failed to assess the pipeline project’s effects on the marine environment and the government has asked the board to reconsider that part of the review by Feb. 22. The project would increase tanker traffic in Burrard Inlet seven-fold and whale experts argue there is already too much traffic for the 74-member southern resident whale population to survive.Beech says Transport Canada will spend $1.6 million on measures including deploying an underwater hydrophone, or listening device, at Boundary Pass in the Salish Sea.He also says the department will carry out a four-year project to better predict propeller noise and hull vibration of a vessel.
By Paula AstihBEIRUT– The minister confirmed that his country nevertheless planned to take part in the event.Lebanese Foreign Minister Adnan Mansour said Tuesday that his country had not yet received a formal invitation to attend the Geneva II conference on the Syria crisis, slated for later this month. “Lebanon hasn’t received anything to this effect,” Mansour told Anadolu Agency.He confirmed, however, that his country nevertheless planned to take part in the event.The Geneva II conference, set to kick off on January 22, is ostensibly aimed at resolving the ongoing crisis in violence-wracked Syria.Syria has been in the throes of conflict since 2011 when a peaceful uprising against President Bashar al-Assad escalated into civil war following a violent government crackdown.According to the UN, more than 100,000 people have been killed in the conflict to date.