According to a University of Georgia poultry specialist, if chickens eat a bit of charcoal it helps lower the amount of ammonia in their manure, which can lead to happier, healthier and more environmentally friendly chickens.Casey Ritz, a UGA Cooperative Extension poultry scientist, has been researching charcoal as an additive to poultry bedding to control ammonia levels in chicken houses for the past four years. It was working, but he thought charcoal might be able to do more from inside the chicken.“Our question was, ‘if we feed it to chickens, could we stop ammonia production before it hits the ground?’” he said. High levels of ammonia in litter can affect a chicken’s growth and performance.One group of chickens was given feed with charcoal added. Another group received normal feed without charcoal. Ritz and his colleagues then took the chicken manure and incubated it. They found a significant drop in the amount of ammonia in the manure of the chickens fed the charcoal compared to the chickens who ate regular feed, he said.The researchers were initially worried that the chickens might not eat feed with charcoal in it. Chicken feed is usually light brown. The charcoal turns it black. Fortunately, the color didn’t bother the chickens. And, thanks to the charcoal’s affect on manure color, the researchers knew without a doubt which chickens had charcoal in their diets.Charcoal is very porous, making it an excellent natural filter. It has no nutritional value for chickens, so it would only be filler in their feed. The scientists now want to see how much charcoal needs to be added to a chicken’s diet in order to be effective.“We want to have the biggest bang for the buck with added char,” Ritz said. Right now, he thinks that number is between 1 percent and 2 percent of poultry feed. He’ll conduct experiments in the next few months to figure final formulation. Better fertilizerChickens produce ammonia through their manure, also called litter. The nitrogen in the feed they eat is converted into uric acid in their intestines. When charcoal is used in the feed, the bacteria in the manure convert the uric acid into ammonium, not ammonia. This makes the litter less odorous or harmful, and can make it a better nitrogen fertilizer for crops, too.“Chicken litter is a great fertilizer,” Ritz said. “But if we can enhance it a little bit, we’d make it even better. Chicken litter, from a volume standpoint, is only about 3 percent nitrogen. If we could enhance it a couple of percentage points, it would be a big deal.”Air qualityAmmonia dissipates quickly into the air. The human nose detects ammonia between 5 and 50 parts per million. “We can’t even get 5 parts per million very far outside of a chicken house,” he said. In other words, unless someone is standing inside a poultry house, it isn’t the ammonia that sinks; it’s other odors. Ammonia is not on the list of the Environmental Protection Agency’s six top air pollutants. But lowering it can help overall air quality. “When it really comes down to it, we need to stop ammonia before it’s made instead of trying to mitigate it after it is emitted,” Ritz said. “I think this is one of the strategies that has a good chance of success.”Next stepsNext, Ritz and his colleagues want to make the charcoal feed additive affordable for poultry producers and find companies that will produce and sell it as a poultry additive. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the U.S. Department of Agriculture must approve the use of charcoal as a commercial poultry feed additive. The charcoal is already approved for human consumption, he said.
Ljungberg is yet to experience victory as Arsenal’s caretaker manager (Picture: Getty)Caretaker manager Ljungberg insists Arsenal are still more than capable of finishing in the Premier League top four despite their miserable run of form.‘No, I don’t think we should stop talking about the top four,’ the Swede told Sky Sports.‘But for us it’s about concentrating on what we’re doing here now and not look up, down, sideways.‘We just need to work on our own game and our own confidence.’More: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man CityHe added: ‘We need to change this downward spiral,‘It is going to be a great occasion but maybe that is good for our players.‘They can relax a little bit and concentrate on the game and hopefully do what they did when we came out for the second half [against Brighton].’Will Arsenal finish in the top four?Yes0%No0%Share your resultsShare your resultsTweet your resultsMORE: Arsenal urged to get rid of Freddie Ljungberg ahead of West Ham clash Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang ‘totally out of order’ for berating Joe Willock during Brighton defeat, says Tony Cascarino Advertisement Comment Advertisement But Aubameyang checked his run and flung his arms in the air in frustration (Picture: Amazon Prime)The move started promisingly as Willock burst towards Brighton’s box with speed but the youngster’s through ball failed to find Aubameyang who responded by angrily flinging his arms in the air.On Aubameyang’s furious reaction, ex-Aston Villa and Chelsea forward Cascarino told talkSPORT: ‘There was an incident with Willock on Thursday night where he takes a bit of stick from Aubameyang, which I thought was totally out of order.‘Willock has looked for a pass, it isn’t on, Aubameyang’s gone to make a run and he’s given the ball away, Willock.‘Aubameyang’s berated him. A young kid coming into the game. I thought [it was] totally out of order.’ Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang lost his temper with Joe Willock during Arsenal’s loss to Brighton (Picture: Getty)Tony Cascarino believes Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang was ‘totally out of order’ for berating Joe Willock during Arsenal’s 2-1 defeat at home to Brighton last week.Adam Webster and Neal Maupay scored either side of Alexandre Lacazette’s headed equaliser to secure Brighton’s first ever victory at the Emirates.The result meant Arsenal are now on their worst winless run in the league since 1977 and Freddie Ljungberg will be desperate to break his duck when the Gunners travel to West Ham’s London Stadium on Monday night.Mesut Ozil and Aubameyang were forced into unorthodox wide positions as Ljungberg experimented with a 4-3-3 formation versus Brighton and neither player looked comfortable.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTA frustrated Ozil clashed with Lacazette after the final whistle and Aubameyang also lost his temper with team-mate Willock just before half-time. Willock burst through midfield and tried to play in Aubameyang (Picture: Amazon Prime) Metro Sport ReporterMonday 9 Dec 2019 5:09 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link
Congratulations to the Batesville High School Boys and Girls basketball teams for winning the 2015 Ripley County Basketball Championships.In the Boys Championship, Batesville defeated South Ripley 50-44. South Ripley led 22-10 at halftime, but the Batesville boys scored 40 points in the second half to outscore the Raiders who put up 22. Blake Walsman of Batesville was named the tournament MVP. Joining him on the all-tourney team were Wyatt Schebler and Garrett Burkhart of Batesville, Evan Borgman and Alex Pilz of Jac-Cen-Del, Kyle Meyer and Allen Laws of Milan, plus Brady Meyer, Elijah Roepke, and Chase Samples of South Ripley.In the Girls Championship Batesville defeated South Ripley 49-31. Batesville led at every stop in this championship game. Brooke Bradford of Batesville was named the tournament MVP. Joining her on the all-tourney team were Shelby Rupp, Gabi Garcia, and Jessica Wagers of Batesville, Jenna Hughes, Jordan Day, and Rosie Newhart of Jac-Cen-Del, Grace Herzog of Milan, and Hayley Schwarte and Toria Tucker of South Ripley.Congratulations to the all-tourney teams and the MVPs.
The 28-year-old Morocco international will join Quique Sanchez Flores’ squad after Monday’s Barclays Premier League fixture at Swansea. “He has the qualities of the players we like,” Sanchez Flores said of the player earlier this week. Watford have signed winger Nordin Amrabat on a three-and-a-half-year contract from Malaga. “He can play at number 10; he holds the ball, he can turn quickly with the strength of a striker and escape the defensive line. “He can also play as a winger because he has that pace and velocity – the power that adds to the options of a team.” Press Association