this issue is the definition of the author will lead to a "two dogs predicament", for example, if you have a ABC three candidates, including BC politics is similar, in support of B alsosupport.
this situation will appear in the 2000 United States presidential election, George W. Bush votes ahead of Gore, but Gore is the number of statistical support of George W. Bush in the nation, of course, Gore lost to George W. Bush for another reason, not press here.
If in the field of
n is a candidate for each voter on the N in a n vote, the final candidates to choose the most appropriate and in line with public opinion, also in line with the logic of the people.
system is obvious, such as if only two states, A, and B, 5 people, 4 people, the state votes were 5 and 4, if a candidate won by X 3:2 in the state of A, another candidate won by Y 4:0 in B state, so obviously in the candidate Y nationwide won 6 votes, the candidate X only in the 3 tickets in A, but because the "winner" X won the A week all 5 "votes", Y only got 4 votes "votes" for B weeks, the only public support for X 1/3 he won the election victory.
"winner" of the system do not say first, interested friends can go to the original. The most direct solution to this problem is the "winner" into direct election, is also a direct vote, statistics the number of votes, but this will encounter a series of problems.
recently read a "dilemma" election, one of the chapters, starting from the American electoral system, the lack of the electoral system, and then aiming at the shortage, put forward various improvements, but each improvement has its own problems, the change is very interesting.
algorithm, we can see that the problem here is that, in order to statistical results of R (the most suitable candidate), found a feature of A (each people vote), and the results of the decision of R, but not A, but by the characteristics of B derived A (votes). In the derivation process to the characteristics of A features of B, the loss of information (not the same as the percentage of each state support).
This The specific historical reasons
1: one vote, one vote per person, choose the most love candidates, the results of statistical analysis, the most votes elected.
first said that the electoral system of the United States, the presidential election of the United States is a "winner", each state according to their number, there are tens or hundreds of "votes", the people in the state election of presidential candidate, was the candidate most votes in a state, get all the state "votes", then how many statistics all the candidates "ticket", "won the most votes" candidate wins.
before about a series of problems, the first problem to be solved: Abstract